The Book of Exodus is the second book of the Bible, and covers the period from the slavery in Egypt under Pharaoh (around 1250 BCE, if the account is historical), the Exodus itself, and the early months in the Wilderness.
Today is known by many Christians as “Transfiguration Sunday.” In today’s reading, Moses’ face shone when he came down from Mount Sinai after speaking with Yahweh and writing the “words of the covenant” (the Ten Commandments or the Ten Words) on tablets. Moses put a veil over his face after he gave the people the Commandments and removed the veil whenever he spoke to Yahweh face-to-face.
In Exodus, this was the second time Moses received the Ten Commandments. When he came down the mountain the first time, the Israelites were worshipping the Golden Calf and he broke the tablets at the foot of the mountain (Ex. 32.19).
Moses’ speaking with God face-to-face became part of the description of the expected Messiah. This expectation was combined with two verses in the Book of Deuteronomy. In one verse, Yahweh promised to “raise up for them [the people of Israel] a prophet like you [Moses]” (Deut. 18.18). The other verse notes that no other prophet in Israel (other than Moses) has been known by YHWH face-to-face (Deut. 34.10).
2 Peter 1:13-21
In the First Century, it was not uncommon to write something in another person’s name so that the writing would have extra “authority” – particularly when the writer believed he knew what the “authority” (in this case, Peter) would have said.
The Second Letter of Peter was likely written around the year 100 CE (Peter died much earlier) and was written in the popular Greek rhetorical style of the age. The letter is presented as a “testament” by Peter based on his own experiences.
In today’s reading, “Peter” claims he was an eyewitness to the Transfiguration of Jesus where he heard the voice of God declare that Jesus was God’s Son and God’s Beloved. “Peter” concludes that prophesy comes from God to humans who are moved by the Spirit to speak for God.